Publications

A list of the publications of the several Working Groups and (software) tools developed by participants. Publications by project members should be sent to the following website representatives:

WG1

  • Marco de Cesare (King's Coll. London) , Fedele Lizzi (Naples U. & INFN, Naples & ICC, Barcelona U.) , Mairi Sakellariadou (King's Coll. London)
    We consider implications of the microscopic dynamics of spacetime for the evolution of cosmological models. We argue that quantum geometry effects may lead to stochastic fluctuations of the gravitational constant, which is thus considered as a macroscopic effective dynamical quantity. Consistency with Riemannian geometry entails the presence of a time-dependent dark energy term in the […]  
  • Carmelo P. Martin, Josip Trampetićand Jiangyang You
    We show that in the perturbative regime defined by the coupling constant, the θ-exact Seiberg-Witten map applied to the noncommutative U(N) Yang-Mills — with or without Supersymmetry — gives an ordinary gauge theory which is, at the quantum level, dual to the former. We do so by using the on-shell DeWitt effective action and dimensional […]  
  • Carmelo P. Martin, Josip Trampetićand Jiangyang You
    The equivalence of the noncommutative U(N) quantum field theories related by the θ-exact Seiberg- Witten maps is, in this paper, proven to all orders in the perturbation theory with respect to the coupling constant. We show that this holds for super Yang-Mills theories with N 1⁄4 0, 1, 2, 4 supersymmetry. A direct check of […]  
  • Francesco D'Andrea (Naples U. & INFN, Naples) , Maxim A. Kurkov (ABC Federal U.) , Fedele Lizzi (Naples U. & INFN, Naples & Barcelona U., ECM)
    In this paper, we discuss two features of the noncommutative geometry and spectral action approach to the Standard Model: the fact that the model is inherently Euclidean, and that it requires a quadrupling of the fermionic degrees of freedom. We show how the two issues are intimately related. We give a precise prescription for the […]  
  • Carmelo P. Martin (Madrid, Autonoma U.), Josip Trampetic (Boskovic Inst., Zagreb & Munich, Max Planck Inst.), Jiangyang You (Boskovic Inst., Zagreb).
    Abstract: We compute the one-loop 1PI contributions to all the propagators of the noncommutative (NC) N = 1, 2, 4 super Yang-Mills (SYM) U(1) theories defined by the means of the θ-exact Seiberg-Witten (SW) map in the Wess-Zumino gauge. Then we extract the UV divergent contributions and the noncommutative IR divergences. We show that all […]  
  • Fedele Lizzi
    I make some considerations on the quantization of spacetime from a spectral point of view. The considerations range from the renormalization flow, to the standard model, to a new phase of spacetime.  
  • Catarina Bastos (Lisbon, IST), Alex E. Bernardini (Sao Carlos Federal U.), Orfeu Bertolami (Porto U.), Nuno Costa Dias (GFMUL, Lisbon & Lusofona U.), João Nuno Prata (Escola Superior Nautica Infante D. Henrique)
    One examines putative corrections to the Bell operator due to the noncommutativity in the phase-space. Starting from a Gaussian squeezed envelop whose time evolution is driven by commutative (standard quantum mechanics) and noncommutative dynamics respectively, one concludes that, although the time evolving covariance matrix in the noncommutative case is different from the standard case, the […]  
  • Gianpiero Mangano, Fedele Lizzi, and Alberto Porzio
    Motivated by the Dirac idea that fundamental constants are dynamical variables and by conjectures on quantum structure of space–time at small distances, we consider the possibility that Planck constant ℏ is a time depending quantity, undergoing random Gaussian fluctuations around its measured constant mean value, with variance σ2 and a typical correlation timescale Δt. We […]  
  • Fedele Lizzi, Manolo Rivera, Patrizia Vitale
    We calculate the Green functions for a scalar field theory with quartic interactions for which the fields are multiplied with a generic translation invariant star product. Our analysis involves both noncommutative products, for which there is the canonical commutation relation among coordinates, and nonlocal commutative products. We give explicit expressions for the one-loop corrections to […]  
  • Ali H. Chamseddine, Alain Connes, Walter D. van Suijlekom
    We analyze the running at one-loop of the gauge couplings in the spectral Pati-Salam model that was derived in the framework of noncommutative geometry. There are a few different scenarios for the scalar particle content which are determined by the precise form of the Dirac operator for the finite noncommutative space. We consider these different […]  
  • C. P. Martin and David G. Navarro
    We deduce an evolution equation for an arbitrary hybrid Seiberg-Witten map for compact gauge groups by using the antifield formalism. We show how this evolution equation can be used to obtain the hybrid Seiberg-Witten map as an expansion, which is θ-exact, in the number of ordinary fields. We compute explicitly this expansion up to order […]  
  • Mairi Sakellariadou, Apimook Watcharangkool
    We consider the spectral action within the context of a 4-dimensional manifold with torsion and show that, in the vacuum case, the equations of motion reduce to Einstein’s equations, securing the linear stability of the theory. To subsequently investigate the nonvacuum case, we consider the spectral action of an almost commutative torsion geometry and show […]  

WG2

  • A. S. Cattaneo, P. Mnev and N. Reshetikhin
    We present a construction of cellular BF theory (in both abelian and non-abelian variants) on cobordisms equipped with cellular decompositions. Partition functions of this theory are invariant under subdivisions, satisfy a version of the quantum master equation, and satisfy Atiyah-Segal-type gluing formula with respect to composition of cobordisms.  
  • A. S. Cattaneo, N. Moshayedi and K. Wernli
    This note describes a quantization of the relational symplectic groupoid (RSG) for a constant Poisson structure using the BV-BFV formalism and shows how this induces the Moyal deformation quantization for the underlying Poisson manifold.  
  • Olaf Lechtenfeld, Alexander D. Popov
    It was pointed out by Shifman and Yung that the critical superstring on $X^{10}={\mathbb R}^4\times Y^6$, where $Y^6$ is the resolved conifold, appears as an effective theory for a U(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs system with four fundamental Higgs scalars defined on $\Sigma_2\times{\mathbb R}^2$, where $\Sigma_2$ is a two-dimensional Lorentzian manifold. Their Yang-Mills model supports semilocal vortices on […]  
  • Sergey Krivonos, Olaf Lechtenfeld and Alexander Sorin
    We present the minimal realization of the ℓ-conformal Galilei group in 2+1 dimensions on a single complex field. The simplest Lagrangians yield the complex Pais-Uhlenbeck oscillator equations. We introduce a minimal deformation of the ℓ=1/2 conformal Galilei (a.k.a. Schr\”odinger) algebra and construct the corresponding invariant actions. Based on a new realization of the d=1 conformal […]  
  • F. Bonechi, A. S. Cattaneo and R. Iraso
    We discuss the A-model as a gauge fixing of the Poisson Sigma Model with target a symplectic structure. We complete the discussion in [arXiv:0706.3164], where a gauge fixing defined by a compatible complex structure was introduced, by showing how to recover the A-model hierarchy of observables in terms of the AKSZ observables. Moreover, we discuss […]  
  • Anton Galajinsky and Olaf Lechtenfeld
    Recent years have seen an upsurge of interest in dynamical realizations of the superconformal group SU(1,1|2) in mechanics. Remarking that SU(1,1|2) is a particular member of a chain of supergroups SU(1,1|n) parametrized by an integer n, here we begin a systematic study of SU(1,1|n) multi-particle mechanics. A representation of the superconformal algebra su(1,1|n) is constructed […]  
  • Jacob C. Geipel, Olaf Lechtenfeld, Alexander D. Popov and Richard J. Szabo
    We consider Spin(4)-equivariant dimensional reduction of Yang-Mills theory on manifolds of the form $M^d \times T^{1,1}$, where $M^d$ is a smooth manifold and $T^{1,1}$ is a five-dimensional Sasaki-Einstein manifold Spin(4)/U(1). We obtain new quiver gauge theories on $M^d$ extending those induced via reduction over the leaf spaces $\mathbb{C}P^1 \times \mathbb{C}P^1$ in $T^{1,1}$. We describe the […]  
  • Olaf Lechtenfeld and Suresh Nampuri
    We extract the leading-order entropy of a four-dimensional extremal black hole in ${\cal N}{=}2$ ungauged supergravity by formulating the CFT$_1$ that is holographically dual to its near-horizon AdS$_2$ geometry, in terms of a rational Calogero model with a known counting formula for the degeneracy of states in its Hilbert space.  
  • Claudio Dappiaggi, Heiko Gimperlein, Simone Murro, Alexander Schenkel
    In this paper we develop the foundations for microlocal analysis on supermanifolds. Making use of pseudodifferential operators on supermanifolds as introduced by Rempel and Schmitt, we define a suitable notion of super wavefront set for superdistributions which generalizes Dencker’s polarization sets for vector-valued distributions to supergeometry. In particular, our super wavefront sets detect polarization information […]  
  • Francisco Correa and Olaf Lechtenfeld
    The spherical reduction of the rational Calogero model (of type A_{n−1} and after removing the center of mass) is considered as a maximally superintegrable quantum system, which describes a particle on the (n−2)-sphere subject to a very particular potential. We present a detailed analysis of the simplest non-separable case, n=4, whose potential is singular at […]  
  • Olaf Lechtenfeld, Alexander D. Popov, Marcus Sperling and Richard J. Szabo
    We consider SU(3)-equivariant dimensional reduction of Yang-Mills theory over certain cyclic orbifolds of the 5-sphere which are Sasaki-Einstein manifolds. We obtain new quiver gauge theories extending those induced via reduction over the leaf spaces of the characteristic foliation of the Sasaki-Einstein structure, which are projective planes. We describe the Higgs branches of these quiver gauge […]  
  • W.D. van Suijlekom
    We recall the emergence of a generalized gauge theory from a noncommutative Riemannian spin manifold, viz. a real spectral triple (A,H,D;J). This includes a gauge group determined by the unitaries in the *-algebra A and gauge fields arising from a so-called perturbation semigroup which is associated to A. Our main new result is the interpretation […]  
  • Andreas Deser and Jim Stasheff
    Over many decades, the word “double” has appeared in various contexts, at times seemingly unrelated. Several have some relation to mathematical physics. Recently, this has become particularly strking in DFT (double field theory). Two ‘doubles’ that are particularly relevant are double vector bundles and Drinfel’d doubles. The original Drinfel’d double occurred in the contexts of […]  
  • Andreas Deser
    Deformation theory refers to an apparatus in many parts of math and physics for going from an infinitesimal (= first order) deformation to a full deformation, either formal or convergent appropriately. If the algebra being deformed is that of observables, the result is deformation quantization, independent of any realization in terms of Hilbert space operators. […]  
  • Anna Pachoł and Patrizia Vitale
    We derive an explicit expression for the star product reproducing the κ-Minkowski Lie algebra in any dimension n. The result is obtained by suitably reducing the Wick-Voros star product defined on ℂdθ with n=d+1. It is thus shown that the new star product can be obtained from a Jordanian twist.  
  • Vladislav G. Kupriyanov and Patrizia Vitale
    We consider linear star products on Rd of Lie algebra type. First we derive the closed formula for the polydifferential representation of the corresponding Lie algebra generators. Using this representation we define the Weyl star product on the dual of the Lie algebra. Then we construct a gauge operator relating the Weyl star product with […]  
  • A. S. Cattaneo, P. Mnev, N. Reshetikhin
    This paper introduces a general perturbative quantization scheme for gauge theories on manifolds with boundary, compatible with cutting and gluing, in the cohomological symplectic (BV-BFV) formalism. Explicit examples, like abelian BF theory and its perturbations, including nontopological ones, are presented.  
  • A. S. Cattaneo, P. Mnev, K. Wernli
    The goal of this note is to give a brief overview of the BV-BFV formalism developed by the first two authors and Reshetikhin in [arXiv:1201.0290], [arXiv:1507.01221] in order to perform perturbative quantisation of Lagrangian field theories on manifolds with boundary, and present a special case of Chern-Simons theory as a new example.  
  • A. S. Cattaneo, P. Mnev, N. Reshetikhin
    This is a survey of our program of perturbative quantization of gauge theories on manifolds with boundary compatible with cutting/pasting and with gauge symmetry treated by means of a cohomological resolution (Batalin-Vilkovisky) formalism. We also give two explicit quantum examples -- abelian BF theory and the Poisson sigma model. This exposition is based on a […]  
  • Alexander Schenkel, Jochen Zahn
    We formulate an algebraic criterion for the presence of global anomalies on globally hyperbolic space-times in the framework of locally covariant field theory. We discuss some consequences and check that it reproduces the well-known global SU(2) anomaly in four space-time dimensions.  

WG3

  • Harold C. Steinacker
    We present simple solutions of IKKT-type matrix models describing a quantized homogeneous and isotropic cosmology with k=−1, finite density of microstates and a resolved Big Bang. At late times, a linear coasting cosmology a(t)∝t is obtained, which is remarkably close to observation. The solution consists of two sheets with opposite intrinsic chiralities, which are connected […]  
  • Harold C. Steinacker
    We present simple solutions of IKKT-type matrix models describing quantized homogeneous and isotropic cosmologies, with finite density of microstates and a regular Big Bang (BB). The BB arises from a signature change of the effective metric on a fuzzy brane embedded in Lorentzian target space, in the presence of a quantized 4-volume form. The Hubble […]  
  • S. Gonzalez-Martin and C.P. Martin
    We study the beta functions of the quartic and Yukawa couplings of General Relativity and Unimodular Gravity coupled to the λφ^4 and Yukawa theories with masses. We show that the General Relativity corrections to those beta functions as obtained from the 1PI functional by using the standard MS multiplicative renormalization scheme of Dimensional Regularization are […]  
  • Carmelo P. Martin
    We work out the one-loop contribution to the lepton anomalous mag- netic moment coming from Unimodular Gravity. We use Dimen- sional Regularization and Dimensional Reduction to carry out the com- putations. In either case, we find that Unimodular Gravity gives rise to the same one-loop correction as that of General Relativity.  
  • Marcus Sperling and Harold C. Steinacker
    We examine in detail the higher spin fields which arise on the basic fuzzy sphere S4N in the semi-classical limit. The space of functions can be identified with functions on classical S4 taking values in a higher spin algebra associated to (5). Yang-Mills matrix models naturally provide an action formulation for higher spin gauge theory […]  
  • Kazuyuki Furuuchi, Marcus Sperling
    We study quantum tunnelling in Dante’s Inferno model of large field inflation. Such a tunnelling process, which will terminate inflation, becomes problematic if the tunnelling rate is rapid compared to the Hubble time scale at the time of inflation. Consequently, we constrain the parameter space of Dante’s Inferno model by demanding a suppressed tunnelling rate […]  
  • Marcus Sperling and Harold C. Steinacker
    We study in detail generalized 4-dimensional fuzzy spheres with twisted extra dimensions. These spheres can be viewed as SO(5)-equivariant projections of quantized coadjoint orbits of SO(6). We show that they arise as solutions in Yang-Mills matrix models, which naturally leads to higher-spin gauge theories on S4. Several types of embeddings in matrix models are found, […]  
  • A. S. Cattaneo and A. Perez
    We show that the non-Abelian nature of geometric fluxes - the corner-stone in the definition of quantum geometry in the framework of loop quantum gravity (LQG) - follows directly form the continuum canonical commutations relations of gravity in connection variables and the validity of the Gauss law. The present treatment simplifies previous formulations and thus […]  
  • A. S. Cattaneo and M. Schiavina
    This note describes the restoration of time in one-dimensional parameterization-invariant (hence timeless) models, namely the classically-equivalent Jacobi action and gravity coupled to matter. It also serves as a timely introduction by examples to the classical and quantum BV-BFV formalism as well as to the AKSZ method.  
  • Enrique Álvarez, Sergio González-Martín, Carmelo P. Martín
    The maximally helicity violating tree-level scattering amplitudes involving three, four or five gravitons are worked out in Unimodular Gravity. They are found to coincide with the corresponding amplitudes in General Relativity. This a remarkable result, insofar as both the propagators and the vertices are quite different in the two theories.  
  • Catherine Meusburger
    We prove that Kitaev’s lattice model for a finite-dimensional semisimple Hopf algebra H is equivalent to the combinatorial quantisation of Chern-Simons theory for the Drinfeld double D(H). This shows that Kitaev models are a special case of the older and more general combinatorial models. This equivalence is an analogue of the relation between Turaev-Viro and […]  
  • Enrique Álvarez, Sergio González-Martín, Carmelo P. Martín
    The symmetries of unimodular gravity are clarified somewhat.  
  • H. C. Steinacker
    We study perturbations of the 4-dimensional fuzzy sphere as a background in the IKKT or IIB matrix model. The linearized 4-dimensional Einstein equations are shown to arise from the classical matrix model action, without adding an Einstein-Hilbert term. The excitation modes with lowest spin are identified as gauge fields, metric and connection fields. In addition […]  
  • H. C. Steinacker
    Refining previous work by Iso, Kawai and Kitazawa, we discuss bi-local string states as a tool for loop computations in noncommutative field theory and matrix models. Defined in terms of coherent states, they exhibit the stringy features of noncommutative field theory. This leads to a closed form for the 1-loop effective action in position space, […]  
  • Brian P Dolan
    The equation of state associated with ${\cal N}=4$ supersymmetric Yang-Mills in 4 dimensions, for $SU(N)$ in the large $N$ limit, is investigated using the AdS/CFT correspondence. An asymptotically AdS black-hole on the gravity side provides a thermal background for the Yang-Mills theory on the boundary in which the cosmological constant is equivalent to a volume. […]  
  • Tamás F. Görbe
    We use Hamiltonian reduction to simplify Falqui and Mencattini’s recent proof of Sklyanin’s expression providing spectral Darboux coordinates of the rational Calogero-Moser system. This viewpoint enables us to verify a conjecture of Falqui and Mencattini, and to obtain Sklyanin’s formula as a corollary.  
  • Enrique Álvarez, Sergio González-Martín, and Carmelo P. Martín
    When quantizing conformal dilaton gravity, there is a conformal anomaly which starts at two-loop order. This anomaly stems from evanescent operators on the divergent parts of the effective action. The general form of the finite counterterm, which is necessary in order to insure cancellation of the Weyl anomaly to every order in perturbation theory, has […]  
  • Nils Carqueville, Catherine Meusburger, Gregor Schaumann
    We initiate a systematic study of 3-dimensional `defect’ topologi- cal quantum field theories, that we introduce as symmetric monoidal functors on stratified and decorated bordisms. For every such functor we construct a tricategory with duals, which is the natural categori- cation of a pivotal bicategory. This captures the algebraic essence of defect TQFTs, and it […]  
  • E.I. Guendelman, E. Nissimov and S. Pacheva
    We consider a modified gravity plus single scalar-field model, where the scalar Lagrangian couples symmetrically both to the standard Riemannian volume-form (spacetime integration measure density) given by the square-root of the determinant of the Riemannian metric, as well as to another non-Riemannian volume-form in terms of an auxiliary maximal-rank antisymmetric tensor gauge field. The pertinent […]  
  • Fernando Ruiz Ruiz
    Perturbative quantization of Yang-Mills theory with a gauge algebra given by the classical double of a semisimple Lie algebra is considered. The classical double of a real Lie algebra is a nonsemisimple real Lie algebra that admits a nonpositive definite invariant metric, the indefiniteness of the metric suggesting an apparent lack of unitarity. It is […]  
  • L. Schneiderbauer and H. C. Steinacker
    We develop a systematic approach to determine and measure numerically the geometry of generic quantum or “fuzzy” geometries realized by a set of finite-dimensional hermitian matrices. The method is designed to recover the semi-classical limit of quantized symplectic spaces embedded in ℝd including the well-known examples of fuzzy spaces, but it applies much more generally. […]  
  • A. S. Cattaneo and M. Schiavina
    The present paper shows that general relativity in the Arnowitt-Deser-Misner formalism admits a BV-BFV formulation. More precisely, for any d+1≠2 (pseudo-) Riemannian manifold M with space-like or time-like boundary components, the BV data on the bulk induces compatible BFV data on the boundary. As a byproduct, the usual canonical formulation of general relativity is recovered […]  
  • Catherine Meusburger, Derek K. Wise
    Hopf algebra gauge theory on a ribbon graph We generalise the notion of a group gauge theory on a graph embedded into an oriented surface to finite-dimensional ribbon Hopf algebras. By linearising the corresponding structures for groups, we obtain axioms that encode the notions of connections, the algebra of functions on connections, gauge transformations and […]  
  • Harold C. Steinacker
    We describe a stabilization mechanism for fuzzy $S^4_N$ in the Euclidean IIB matrix model in the presence of a positive mass term. The one-loop effective potential for the radius contains an attractive contribution attributed to supergravity, while the mass term induces a repulsive contribution for small radius due to SUSY breaking. This leads to a […]  
  • Enrique Álvarez, Sergio González-Martín, Mario Herrero-Valeaand Carmelo P. Martín
      
  • Athanasios Chatzistavrakidis
    n this paper we study the structure of the phase space in noncommutative geometry in the presence of a nontrivial frame. Our basic assumptions are that the underlying space is a symplectic and parallelizable manifold. Furthermore, we assume the validity of the Leibniz rule and the Jacobi identities. We consider noncommutative spaces due to the […]  
  • Athanasios Chatzistavrakidis and Fridrik Freyr Gautason
    Non-abelian gauge theories in the context of generalized complex geometry are discussed. The generalized connection naturally contains standard gauge and scalar fields, unified in a purely geometric way. We define the corresponding Yang-Mills theory on particular subbundles of a Courant algebroid, known as Dirac structures, where the generalized curvature is a tensor. Different Dirac structures […]  
  • Athanasios Chatzistavrakidis
    It is shown that a matrix model with SO(d,d) global symmetry is derived from a generalized Yang-Mills theory on the standard Courant algebroid. This model keeps all the positive features of the well-studied type IIB matrix model, and it has many additional welcome properties. We show that it does not only capture the dynamics of […]  
  • Athanasios Chatzistavrakidis, Larisa Jonke and Olaf Lechtenfeld
    The existence of genuinely non-geometric backgrounds, i.e. ones without geometric dual, is an important question in string theory. In this paper we examine this question from a sigma model perspective. First we construct a particular class of Courant algebroids as protobialgebroids with all types of geometric and non-geometric fluxes. For such structures we apply the […]  
  • Athanasios Chatzistavrakidis, Andreas Deser and Larisa Jonke
    Target space duality is one of the most profound properties of string theory. However it customarily requires that the background fields satisfy certain invariance conditions in order to perform it consistently; for instance the vector fields along the directions that T-duality is performed have to generate isometries. In the present paper we examine in detail […]  
  • Fabrizio Canfora, Maxim Kurkov, Luigi Rosa, Patrizia Vitale
    It is shown that in the noncommutative version of QED (NCQED) Gribov copies induced by the noncommutativity of space-time appear in the Landau gauge. This is a genuine effect of noncommutative geometry which disappears when the noncommutative parameter vanishes.  
  • A. S. Cattaneo, M. Schiavina
    The present paper shows that general relativity in the Arnowitt-Deser-Misner formalism admits a BV-BFV formulation. More precisely, for any d+1≠2 (pseudo-) Riemannian manifold M with space-like or time-like boundary components, the BV data on the bulk induces compatible BFV data on the boundary. As a byproduct, the usual canonical formulation of general relativity is recovered […]